CBT is interested in the connection between thoughts (cognitions), feelings and behaviours as they relate to your problems. CBT recognises that unhelpful thoughts, feelings & behaviours can trap you in a vicious cycle.
CBT helps you to deal with overwhelming problems more positively and realistically by breaking them down into smaller, more manageable parts. Your therapist will work closely with you to help you change unhelpful patterns to improve the way you feel and help you to cope with difficult situations.
CBT helps you to identify the origin of the problem in the initial sessions. Rather than focusing on your past, CBT deals with how the problem impacts you now and teaches you new skills that you can apply to your everyday life. The overall aim of CBT is to keep using the new skills you learn in order to prevent your problems from having a negative impact on your life, especially after you have completed treatment.